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Frequently Asked Questions About Taiwan

Where is Taiwan located?
Taiwan is located on the Taiwan Straight, 120 km (74.6 mi) off the southeastern coast of mainland China. Its exact coordinates are 2346'N 1210'E. Taiwan is bounded to the north by the East China Sea, the Philippine Sea to the east, the Luzon Strait directly to the south and the South China Sea to the southwest.

What continent is Taiwan in?
Taiwan is in the continent of Asia, specifically East Asia.

What is the capital of Taiwan?
Taipei is the capital city of Taiwan.

What country is Taiwan in?
China claims that Taiwan is one of its provinces.

Is Taiwan a country? (Is Taiwan an independent country?)
About 25 countries recognize Taiwan as an independent country. However, with China's claim that Taiwan is one of its provinces, the international community does officially recognize Taiwan as a country on its own. However, many countries have set up unofficial organizations to carry out commercial and other relations with Taiwan.

Is Taiwan part of China?
China claims that Taiwan is one of its provinces.

What languages are spoken in Taiwan?
About 70% of the people in Taiwan belong to the Hoklo ethnic group and speak both Standard Mandarin and Taiwanese Hokkien (also known as "Taiwanese"). Standard Mandarin is the primary language of instruction in schools. About 15% of the population has a distinct Hakka dialect. Aboriginal minority groups still speak their native languages, although most also speak Mandarin. English is a common second language, with some large private schools providing English instruction.

When did Taiwan become independent from China?
China still claims Taiwan as one of its provinces. However, Taiwan has its own currency, national flag, government, etc.